Bullying in Middle Schools Statistics


Bullying in Middle Schools

Human beings often learn certain behaviors when they are still young as such, behaviors are easily learned during interactions with other people. This happens in key developmental stages like early schooling. Bullying during a child early stage often results in maladaptive developmental behaviors. Various studies have concentrated on lasting psychological and social bullying effects on children together with young adults. Rigby states that bullying victims suffer from anxiety, individual disorder, and depression. Another study conducted highlighted the fact that bullying tends to contribute to rising in suicide cases of both the individuals bullied and the bullies. Bullying results in the development of emotional as well as social problems in children as they grow. For example, the majority of students who have experienced bullying in middle school are often prone to exclusion, a feeling of insecurity, alienation, and exclusion when they join college.

Children are bullying victims can become aggressive in the future with studies confirming that bullying impacts last past the immediate scene and at times later in life. An analysis of bullying effects shows that bullying affects one negatively in life based on the initial experiences with the impacts continuing later in an individual life. There is a need for society to encourage a morally as well as a socially decent society by tackling bullying in middle school by promoting positive mannerisms and better interactions.

Literature Review of Bullying in Middle Schools

Adams and Gloria evaluate the impacts of bullying in middle s school with the effects evident when children grow up and join colleges. Undergraduate students were given questions dealing with middle school bullying cases with findings indicating bullying g effects present in the victims such as loneliness, abuse, and exclusion. The author’s further findings were children who are bullied by their peers increase revenge risks as the victims bully others when they move to different locations. The two authors are professors in counseling and psychology, which makes the article credible. The research highlights the continuing effects of bullying effects on college level from middle school, which is detrimental to the objective of the student’s career objectives. The authors believe there is a need to come up with approaches to eliminate bullying in middle schools.

A CNN video of Kiran Chetry interview with Lee Hirsch, who is the director of a project called,” The Bully Project “sees Hirsch discussing his experiences of being bullied during his childhood. He produces a documentary and makes usage of real scenes to attract the society’s attention to support campaigns on anti-bullying. The video remains relevant because of the real scenes depicting bullying and provides a firsthand viewpoint on the effects of bullying. The video confirms cases of bullying present in middle schools.

Hemming’s book review shows risk eradication is vital in children to develop as individuals. The concentration on anti-bullying being one of the many risks children shoal is protected from because the situation reduces the autonomy of modern children compared to in the past. This is because in the early period, children were not protected and therefore they developed high resilience levels. Examples of such scenarios come from children who have confronted risky situations to create positive characters. Hemming states, that book has inadequate references in relation to the studied topic and there is a need for conducting more research. The book review is helpful because it points out the positive impacts on children and it will be useful in providing contrasting view on the thesis.

Rigby argument is that there is a need for a permanent solution in relation to bullying and all that can be achieved through intervention measures. All these entails strengthening the bullied victim, traditional approach, mutual concern, restorative initiative, group method together with mediation. In his argument, Rigby describes every system in detail and cite evidence of what is happening in many schools. He recommends the usage of the methods because Rigby believes they are instrumental in anti-bullying campaigns. The proposed methods are highly appropriate to the topic to be researched with diversification entailing all spheres of human life. The book is a building block in relation to the field particularly on suggesting suitable anti-bullying practices.

Stollings et al who are the bill authors recommending amendments to reinforce the prohibition. It is evident that they undoubtedly defined harassment, coercion, and bullying with the aim of protecting the victim together with the victim. Their position is that there is a need for each county to create a board that would be instrumental in the policy implementation. The bill comprises of different components such as definitions, reporting, incidents documentation, response and the formula to protect the bullied victim and corrective action against those participating in bullying. The bill will be used during the research to tackle possible remedy to handle bullying in schools.


Getting information on bullying in middle schools requires several methods of data collection in order to access relevant information. The objective of the study is to find out the effects of bullying in middle schools making questionnaires the first option of data collection for the study. Both qualitative and quantitative methods are critical in the study. The study interviewed 350 students in the sampled middle schools. The students comprised of 210 female and 140 male students. Focus group discussions helped to find out more information about the effects of bullying on both the pupil and their class performance. Open-ended questionnaires were given to the students and their answers assessed to determine whether the study met its objectives.

Data analysis

Qualitative data, which involved open-ended questionnaires, and data from focus group discussion of the middle school bullying study underwent triangulation to determine the relevance of the answers. The research question is to determine the effects of bullying in middle schools leading to a limitation of the data analysis to the research question. Analysis of the data involved using excels spreadsheets with each having coded data for the quantitative questions. 350 students from different middle schools participated in the study leading to subjecting of the data to SPSS method of statistical analysis. The method helps to calculate the percentages of the students in the middle school subjected to different effects of bullying.

Focus groups evaluated the middle school student’s responses to the need to stop bullying in schools. The researcher utilized the statistical package through creating variables that lead to testing of the research objectives. The researcher carried out the mean scores for every answer and determined the percentages of every effect of bullying on middle school students. The statistical test SPSS tests the statistical significance of the study leading to the conclusion whether the effect of bullying has significant or insignificant effects on middle school students. The data analysis method shows consistency and reliability in data. After data analysis presentation of the results involved the use of powerpoint presentation with the intention to compare the validity of the information from the study.


Findings from the quantitative and qualitative data analysis involved a description of the demographic features of the students participating from middle school. The research dwelt on the explanation of the findings according to the research question. The data from the 350 middle school students gave 80% responses to the questions of the study. The responses of 68% of the students showed that they had poor class participation and performance. Responses from 20% of the middle school students indicated that their reason for class absentia is fear of bullying by students in the upper grades.

A smaller percentage of the middle school students felt that there was no relationship between bullying and their class performance. 70% of the students agreed that physical assault by elderly students was a common case of bullying in school.  Results showed that most middle school students did not understand the meaning of the psychological effects of bullying. The research study met its set objectives as the researcher found out the various effects of bullying in middle schools.


Bullying in middle school happens to create fear among students and can result in physical as well as emotional pain. The effects of bullying are evident in both the bullied and the bully with recommendations to provide educational presentation about bullying in schools to educate students on bullying impacts and help in the prevention of such cases in the future. Research on various approaches in relation to education on bullying is required to determine whether there are other efficient methods other than presentation to tackle bullying in middle schools. The research has proven that it is important for the development of bullying prevention initiatives in middle schools to address the issue. Many students who participated in the study indicated that they were either victim of bullying, bullies or both in school. Consequently, it seems students in middle schools would benefit from such initiatives as bullying education.


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