Democracy meaning and Definition


Democracy meaning and Definition

Democracy has been defined as the form of government in which all of a country’s citizens are eligible to have an equal right in the say about decisions that are always affecting their lives (Ian, 2006). Democracy allows citizens to take part in lawmaking, a process which involves proposing and creation of the laws that govern the state.  On the other hand, human reasoning is a term used to refer to the capacity of human beings to make judgments using logic and judgments that are related to knowledge (Ian, 2006). It is further defined as the ability of human beings to think in a way that is reasonable. It is identified as the ability to self consciously change traditions and beliefs and with the capacity for self-determination and freedom (Michael, 1976).

There is a great relationship which emerges when democracy and human reasoning are linked.   Democracy can be thought of as a political system that elects its leaders through fair and free elections.   Having that in mind, citizens of the state should act reasonably and exercise their duty to vote.  It is the right of every eligible citizen to exercise his/her democratic right in voting in a free and fair election (Harrison, 1993).  It happens that good leaders that can uphold democracy are voted by citizens themselves.

In so doing, it is obvious that democracy will definitely uphold in the state (Tilly, 2009).  In states that citizens who are eligible for voting don’t vote, it means that they are acting unreasonably since a saying goes that bad leaders are elected by good citizens who don’t vote.  It is simple logic that people should participate in elections so as to realize democracy (Russell, 1978).

The active participation of the people in politics and civic life is also another proof of the existence of democracy in a state (Ian, 2006).   Human reasoning largely comes into play in this.  The government, if at all is a democratic government, should allow its citizens to participate in giving opinions in the leadership issues that affect the state.  It is common knowledge and every leader who is in the right mind should understand that the decisions that are made y the central government are a direct influence to the citizen and therefore the citizen should be accorded the right o voice their concerns in the issues that are of a concern to them (Michael, 1976).  Leadership that values human reasoning would definitely allow the citizens to voice their concerns on leadership so as to deal with the issues that affect their citizens (Harrison, 1993).

A democracy should ensure that the rights of its citizens are protected.  The government should act consciously to ensure that every individual who enjoys the privilege of being a citizen of a country enjoys equal rights and justice (Tilly, 2007).  The reason has its big role to play in ensuring that the rights of the citizens are protected.   The leadership should ensure that the citizens are cushioned from any violation of their rights by either single or groups of individuals either inside or outside the government.

The people should enjoy the privileges in the state in the sense that they feel that they are protected by the government.  Nevertheless, it should be observed that the citizens should be reasoning enough to recognize the fact that in the enjoyment of one’s right should not tamper with another person’s space in which another individual is harmed in the name of freedom and rights (Richard, 1978).

A democracy is a system that I governed by a set of laws and not individuals.  The rule of law protects the right of citizens by maintaining law and order and limiting the power of the government (Ian, 2006).  A democracy provides that all citizens are equal under the law and no one should be discriminated in the basis of their ethnicity, race, race, religion or gender. It provides that the citizen should not be arrested or exiled arbitrarily.  It is only leaders that act reasonably that can grant these provisions of the government.

Unreasonable leaders that are the dictators may direct imprisonment or exile of people who may seem to oppose their undemocratic leadership (Richard, 1976).  In a case where a citizen is detained, he/she posses the right to know the charges that he/she faces and to be presumed innocent until proven guilty according to the law. Any person who is charged with a crime in a democracy has the right to a fair, speedy a trial by a court of law.  Unreasonable leaders treat suspects of crime like people who don’t have a right and therefore impeding on their rights by giving unfair and delayed justices to the expense of the suspect (Michael, 1976).  That is unreasonable.

The rule of law has some certain limits that it sets on the powers of the government.  There is no government official who should violate these limits that are set to control the subjectivity of the government.  It is common sense that no one is above the law not even the rulers of the country.  This means that all citizens are equally punishable by the law regardless of their background or social class.  It is established that in a democracy the constitution acts as a tool for guidance in the rule of law and every individual possess the right to be heard equally (Ian, 2006).  The citizens should also use common sense and reason to advocate for their right.

If at all democracy is to work in a country, human reasoning is key to its success.  Citizens should not only participate but also exercise their rights.  Principles and rules of democratic conduct must be observed (Harrison, 1993).  The citizens must respect the rule of law and reject violence.  It takes reasoning to realize that nothing justifies violence against your opponents just because they oppose you.  The dignity of humanity must be respected and people should respect the rights of fellow citizens.  Reasonable citizens should just question the decisions of the government but should not reject them (Russell, 1978).

It has been well established that in order for a democracy to work, human reasoning should be in the frontline to ensure that the ruling class and the citizens are in harmony so as to ensure that all citizens feel that have an equal say in the governance of the country.



Flynn, Ian. Deliberative democracy and divided societies. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 2006. Print.


Tilly, Charles. Democracy. Cambridge [England: Cambridge University Press, 2007. Print.


Tocqueville, Alexis de, and J. P. Mayer. Democracy in America. Garden City, N.Y.: Doubleday, 1969. Print.

Rivlin, Russell, and Richard E. Mayer. Human reasoning. Washington: V.H. Winston; 1978. Print.

Scriven, Michael. Reasoning. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1976. Print.


Harrison, Ross. Democracy. London: Routledge, 1993. Print.

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