Elements of data in HIPAA safe harbour rules

HIPAA safe harbour – task 1

HIPAA safe harbour provision is one of the HIPAA privacy rules. This rule limits the possible disclosures and also uses of protected health information (PHI). Also, the HIPAA safe harbour method can be defined as a method that de-identifies protected health information whereby de-identification is the doing away with some specific information about a patient that is possible to be used alone or even together with other information to identify such patient (Benitez et al., 2016).

              There are specific elements of data that are either individually or in combination mainly used to identify an individual. Some data elements that can be used to identify must be de-identified according to the set harbour rule as follows: their names, Geographic locators, the dates, the telephone number, email addresses and IP addresses. The social security numbers and medical record numbers are also significant. Account numbers, license numbers and he website URLs and even full-face photos are taken. The biometric identifiers, which include fingerprints or retinal images and voiceprints, are also elements that are used in identifying a patient(Benitez et al., 2016).  There is a group that was formed to aid simplify the HIPAA compliance challenge known as the compliance group. This group gives health care organizations their needs so that they can address all full extent of the HIPAA rules and regulations.

             The HIPAA privacy rule states that all the providers, together with the clinic, must always protect their patients’ individual or personal information and prevent any unauthorized breaking into it. It is of great importance since it also provides guidance to the providers on how to implement the privacy rule by ensuring the personal information is de-identified and can be safely used just as a health data that is set. The knowledge of how to use safe harbour is beneficial in the protection of patience information(Benitez et al., 2016). The doctors are also able to get valuable data that is possible to be discussed with other members.

            There is a set procedure that enables the doctors to remove the personal information according to HIPAA regulations. For one to be safe, he/she must follow the following guidelines from HIPAA, which identifying characteristics have to be discarded entirely before a set of information is revealed and used. Some of the categories that must be discarded or managed based on safe harbour guidelines(Benitez et al., 2016).

The dates-all the dates that are strictly related must be done away with. This includes birth and death dates or even admission dates or the discharge dates.it is advisable that the year should only remain and the ages can be put in the data not unless one is above 89 years. The names and unique numbers-all the name and phone numbers must be eliminated with the vehicle numbers such as license serial numbers, the URL, social security numbers, the fax numbers and their email adder should be removed. The Geographic identifiers-a city and the name of the country can be used in a case where patients live in the same local rural area(Benitez et al., 2016). The more specific locations must be done away with. Any Unsure Information in a case where one thinks a particular element of data may be enough to give a patient’s identity on can discard it altogether. Records that are unique to the patient-the following are supposed to be removed; photos of the patient showing his/her full picture, biometric identifiers, fingerprint and also the voiceprints. The safe harbour provision under HIPAA is essential to all them that are running any health organization hospital, dispensaries and local health centres.

Task 2 – how to Harden Windows system

Hardening the operating system is defined as the configuration of an OS safely by updating it, creating policies and rules to help in securely governing the system and also discarding applications and services that are unnecessary. This hardening is done to minimize a computers OS’S exposure to possible risks, intruders and threats.There are recommended hardening practices that are accepted globally and apply universally. One can reduce the client’s chances of facing cybercrimes and attacks(Kim et al., 2018). Anyone who needs to know how to harden his or her windows system can use the following tips which are easy to understand and can be easily applied by everyone. Ensure your do programs clean-up – There are unnecessary programs that one should first remove them. Hackers use these programs to break into one’s computer. One should harden his personal computer by cleaning them not unless they are vetted as safe by the company. All cyber attacker looks for backdoors and security holes when they attempt to compromise the networks available. Please minimize the ways they get through, and your windows will harden.

Make sure you use the service packs – always install and update the latest versions of service packs. This will block any attempted intrusion in one computer and harden the windows system.Management of patches or patch management – one should plan, test, audit and implement patch management software regularly as a regular check(Kim et al., 2018). Make sure that always you patch the operating system periodically and also the individual programs on your computer.Configuration baselines – the process of measuring the changes that occur in software, networking and hardware is known as baselining.one can create a baseline by selecting something that he/she can step and do it consistently for some time. This enables one to block any cyber-attack.Group policies – Make sure you define the group which can or can’t access your Windows system and maintain these rules. A user error can lead to cyber-attack. Therefore, you should establish and update user policies and ensure you inform all users and check whether they are using them.

Task 3 – Risk Assessment Analysis

Cyber-attacks on websites are increasingly common incidents today. As more and more businesses and governments move their services online, sites have become comfortable and vulnerable targets for hackers. Web attacks are one of the significant threats to company data security. These interruptions can result in a broader range of devastating consequences from shutdowns and disruptions to data manipulation and information theft.

There are many types of attacks, including:

SQL Injection attacks – a hacker involves injecting a malicious script into a web application to gain unauthorized access to the company database. This is achieved by injecting corrupted and manipulated SQL query into web forms (Hanes et al., 2015). Cross-site scripting – happens when a vulnerability in the website allows script injection. Hackers can take advantage of these vulnerabilities and injection threatening script into the server.

Securing your website – one of the most effective ways of acquiring your website is to ensure your software is up to date. It is important to consider updating your website regularly to prevent cyber-attacks (Hanes et al., 2015). This should apply both to the server operating system and hardware or software used for running of the site. Additionally, it would help if you watched against SQL injection attacks which are commonly penetrated through web URL or field – as a way of gaining or manipulating the database.

References

Hanes, J. (2015). U.S. Patent Application No. 13/231,838.

Kim, K., Kang, J., & Lee, D. (2018, November).PCChecker: Harding windows security configurations. In 2008 Third International Conference on Convergence and Hybrid Information Technology (Vol. 2, pp. 613-616).IEEE.

Benitez, K., &Malin, B. (2016).Evaluating re-identification risks concerning the HIPAA privacy rule.Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association, 17(2), 169-177.

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