Case Study on the Mice and rats in Illinois and their effects on the agricultural production of the farmers
Mice and rats can be lovely pets but if not well controlled they can become bothersome. This is because they can cause major harm and destruction to human life. This is a fact that was discovered by the farmers in Illinois. Rats and mice like any other organism they seek to ensure that they stay in a place where food is in plenty, this is the reason as to why they choose to stay in the farms. While in the farms the rodents get to eat everything that is planted from the roots, stems to the fruits produced.
The main cause of the increase in the number of rats and mice has been due to the development of infrastructure of Illinois. The roads have increased from 3 highways and 5 small roads in 1995 to 6 highways and 9 small roads that lead to the interior. The small roads all branch into 2 or 3 murram roads that lead into the firms. Increase in the species of rats and mice have increased from 4 known species in 2000, to 9 different species. The quantity of food produced annually decreased by 32% by 2008, as compared to 1998. 21% of the 32% is caused by the increase in the rats and mice.
Increase in the infrastructure opened up the interior to many opportunities of exploitation for commercial purposes, at the same time it opened up for the ease in the movement of mice and rats from one county to another. This movement of rats and mice has led to increasing in their population as they were able to attack farmers who were unaware of the ways to deal with mice and rats on the firms. This led to a decrease in the harvest and an increase in food prices. Food supply has decreased and farmers are discouraged for they experienced losses. This fact led to the study to be conducted by the University of Illinois to be able to come up with ways to solve the problems for the people.
According to a study conducted by the University of Illinois shows that within a span of six years the mice have been able to spread from the interior counties to all the other counties and are adapted to the differences in weather. The best way to be able to deal with the spread of the rats and mice is to ensure that there is the use of a more effective pesticide that will render the plants dangerous to the mice. For instance a combination of 50% Folika and 25% mix of Sorexa repellent. This repellent makes the plants to smell bad for the rats and mice.
The above can be achieved by the government subsidizing the pesticides in Illinois. This is because most farmers are afraid of incurring an extra cost that could take up a substantial amount of the profit that they were meant to keep to themselves. Subsidizing the pesticides will ensure that the government caters for the better part of the pesticide.
Policy on causes, stakeholders, alternatives, and outcomes
The main cause of the increase in the number of rats and mice has been due to the development of infrastructure of Illinois. The highways, roads and proper pipes and gutters have made it easier for the rats and mice to be able to migrate from one county to another. This has exposed them to more food and increased them in terms of their population.
The main people affected by the increase in the spread of mice and rats in Illinois are the farmers, businessmen and the society at large. This is because the amount of food produced in Illinois had decreased by 32% by 2008, as compared to 1998. 21% of the 32% is caused by the increase in the rats and mice.
There should also be a campaign to create awareness to the farmers on how they will use the pesticides and the use of the frighteners. There should be demonstrations on how to mix the repellent and then how to mix that with the 50% Folika and finally how to apply it. This is because they are to be applied at the base once in two weeks and then sprayed on the leaves and stem later on.
Implementation of the above procedures will ensure that there are less farm and house losses that are associated with rats and mice. This will increase the quantity of food produced by the farms, increase commercial activities involving the products and will lead to a decrease in the prices of the commodities and increase the level of utility to the consumers while being cost effective.
Technological advancements have both positive and negative effects: an increase in infrastructure opened up interior Illinois and made transportation of inputs and products easier. This increased the ease with which agriculture and commercial activities were done.
3.1, Mining and transportation
Interviewing requires a one on one conversation with a person. As a method of data collection it is used to collect raw data from a population and this data is analyzed to come up with statistics. Content analysis involves using statistics and data from a secondary source. This is data that was collected and analyzed by someone else and was verified. The content analysis does not require anyone on one session with a person as it is simply a matter of collecting data.
Content analysis is a better method of collecting data. This is because as opposed to interviewing it is less costly and less time consuming (Kothari, 2004). This is because interviewing requires one to write up the questionnaire to be used, it is then tested in a small group of people. Then taken to the field and finally, the data has to be analyzed. The content analysis helps also in getting a good literature review for a report as one gets a good background of what has been done by other people.
The content analysis offers a chance for the person to be able to conduct a proper comparison between the different studies conducted by other people on a topic. It is through content analysis that a lacuna can be realized and research can be conducted on it (Kothari, 2004). This opens more doors to the exploration of the different factors that may be affecting mining and transportation. This is because these are age-old industries that have lots of data that can be used to come up with research.
University of Illinois Extension, Mice and Rats, University of Illinois Press Print, Illinois
Kothari, C.R, (2004), Research Methodology: Methods and Techniques, Prentice Hall, New Jersey
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