Origin of the Universe; viking mythology


Viking mythology suggests that when an eclipse occurs it is as a result of two wolves, Hati and Skoll, catching the moon or the sun. Once the eclipse started, people made noise in a bid to scare the wolves away. With time, people noticed that eclipses ended heedlessly of their efforts to make noise. During this era, people postulated many myths in attempts to make sense of their world. In the end, people embraced philosophy, the application of reason with instinct, to decipher the mysteries of the world. Presently, people use reason and modern science to make sense of the world. According to Albert Einstein, the utmost perplexing thing about the world is that it is coherent. This simply means that all objects in earth adhere to its laws without exclusion.

Through the book, “The Grand Design,” Stephen Hawking asserts that God is redundant in the clarification of the beginning of the world. According to Hawking, the factors that render God redundant are physical laws, for example, the law of gravity. The renowned British theoretical physicist claims that the world emerged following the ‘Big Bang’. In his book, he states that the ‘Big Bang’ acted as an inescapable magnitude of the physical laws; hence, God had nothing to do with the creation of the universe. Hawking questions the presence of God in forming the ‘Big Bang’. He claims that peoples’ daily experiences influence their perception on the things that happen as a result of a prior action. According to him, it appears to be normal for one to have the perception that something, or conceivably God, acted as the foundation of the world’s existence. The aforementioned statement takes a drastic shift when one describes the universe in totality. Under the above circumstance, God is not necessary.

According to Hawking, the role assumed by time at the creation of the universe proves to be the fundamental aspect that dispenses the need of having God as the creator of the universe. The universe created itself and its evolution is controlled by time. The author insists that one cannot get to a preceding time to the big bang since there existed no time before this event. Researchers have finally unraveled that something may not have to possess a cause since no practical time explains that this cause would exist. In Hawking’s opinion, this signified that there is no prospect of there being a creator as no practical time can support his existence. Since time commenced once the big bang occurred, the event could not be attributed as the creation of anything or anyone. Evidently, time did not exist before the big bang; hence, God had not time to create the world. Stephen Hawking claims that asking whether God created the universe is similar to asking for instructions to the edge of the globe. The globe has no end or edges thus searching for these places proves to be futile.

Another angle adopted by theorists in clarifying the formation of the world is God’s involvement as the Grand Creator. The aforementioned statement infers that the patterns that the universe adopts are attributed to a superior divine being that is above the patterns. This approach manifests itself in various forms. The leading form is acknowledging and giving credit to God for permitting the world to exist. According to Judeo-Christianity, God is the state of prospect of humans as well as any other thing. God acts as the ultimate reminder that there is something concrete rather than the prevalence of emptiness in the world. Another form is the sustainer of the universe. John Polkinghorne responds to Hawkin’s query on the position of God as the creator by stating God’s position is in “every and all places.” Comparatively, God is at times recognized for sustaining the symmetries witnessed in nature that would otherwise appear to be a mere concurrence.

It is the similar laws of nature overriding most distant galaxies that are apparently operative on planet earth. Additionally, the same laws managed the original proceedings, which people believe still operate in the current settings. Whether this is not considered as a cause of the universe is entirely surrendered to individuals. Nevertheless, such an occurrence is too bizarre for the logical reasoning of an individual. The final rational form stems from the customary ‘cosmological’ opinions for God’s subsistence. William Lane Craig formulates ‘Kalam’ that states that anything and everything which has a beginning in time must have an origin. William asserts that something cannot simply arise, but a root that initiates them must be present.

Generally, it is convenient for one to possess the ability to provide clarifications for the existence of natural phenomena. However, majority of the scientists believe that the pursuit for critical justifications eventually ends in some final theory of the universe. Evidently, the ultimate conceivable rationale rests in God. However, a captivating row to that effect would entail a demonstration that God offers a superior justification than a purely covetous depiction, rather than a prior resolve that a covetous depiction is unsettling. The question is why other people need a meta-explanatory account, while others are content without one. The incentive to offer the aforementioned accounts should stem from one’s experience within the universe, while the doubt that there is no need emanates from considering the whole world as a distinctive thing, which needs apposite set of principles.

Hawking claims that time began at the moment the big bang occurred, since the event did not have a possible cause or be the creation of anything or anyone. With regard to the aforementioned statement, one poses the question whether physical laws can be categorized as ‘anything’. In addition to this, how can Hawking justify the formation of the world to be the law of gravity? The law of gravity would have to exist prior to the creation of the universe for it to qualify to be a possible cause of the universe. This led to the questioning of Hawking’s ‘Big Bang’ theory in terms of why it was just to embrace the law of gravity as an earlier element before the creation of the universe. The premise for this was causal influence that preceded the actual cradle of time, but deeming it irrational to extend similar honors to God. This taints his work owing to the apparent contradiction in the premises while failing to acknowledge God as the creator of the universe. Hawking does not deem the privileges provided to physical laws as equivalent to that offered to God.


There is enough reason to conclude that Hawking’s ‘Big Bang’ theory is to some extent incorrect. He argues that peoples’ daily experiences influence their perception on the things that happen as a result of a prior action. According to him, it appears to be normal for one to have the perception that something, or conceivably God, acted as the foundation of the world’s existence. Hawking, in his work, asks if whether God created the universe is similar to asking for instructions to the end of the planet Earth. The globe has no edges or ends; hence, searching for them is a futile endeavor. The author insists that one cannot get to a time preceding the big bang. This implies that such a time simply did not exist. With strict regard to his work, temporal causation proves not to be the sole causation of the universe. Moreover, temporal causation may not require temporal priority. Hawking’s other premise that suggests that there is good rationale behind considering physical time as the only possible time is deceiving. There exists time which varies from conventional physical time. Other theorists believe that patterns that the universe adopts are attributed to a superior divine being that is above the patterns. This implies that God is the Grand creator of the universe. Therefore, in case evidence prevails to proof the existence of other forms of time, then the argument that God existed prior to the creation of the universe also merits. Due to the aforementioned statement, God could have applied causal influence to creation of the universe. It would prove to be unreasonable for an individual to adopt Hawking’s theory that the universe does not have an origin. The ‘kalam’ formation is among arguments aimed at revealing the fact that the world does not have an origin, but rather its sole cause is God.



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