Pop Art After World War II Essay

Pop Art After World War II

Introduction

After World War II, Pop Art emerged as an Art movement in Great Britain and the United States. The contents of Pop Art being the use of borrowed imagery from mass culture-high art mimicking low art. Pop artists would use pornography, advertisements, commercial products, newspaper clippings, and comic books as all elements to add to their work.

 

It was in London in 1940 where the first inklings of Pop Art had emerged, an artist by the name of Eduardo Paolozzi had used the idea of taking clippings from American newspapers and magazines, images being mass-consumer products like soda bottles and automobiles and mixing them with images from girlie and bodybuilding magazines and using them to create an effect of ridicule and irony.

Discussion

In Great Britain after World War II, things were a bit bleak, the physical destruction of the war in that country brought with it exorbitant costs. There was widespread rationing which meant luxury items were out of the question and in the art world, this meant things like color printing. As a result in Great Britain many magazines, architecture, clothing, and movies were very colorless and drab.

 

Unlike Great Britain, American land was unscathed by the destruction of the war and as a result, the industry was quick to expand. This provided a period of high economic growth characterized by high profits and prices, higher levels of investment trade and other economic activity. With this growth in wealth also produced a technologically advanced popular culture.

 

American magazines and films were big, colorful and glossy. Icons from a popular culture now emerged into the limelight and become very influential, they gained power in society akin to that of high profile businessmen and politicians.

 

The use of these icons became a predominant element in the productions of Pop Art, with huge blown up images of movie stars taken from Hollywood films, like Marilyn Monroe and James Dean, paintings and collaged images of American rock stars like Elvis Presley, which became idols of a youth culture, poster-sized images of American beer bottles and spaghetti . In the sixties Pop culture and lifestyle became intertwined, Pop Art came to reveal the essential characteristics of a cultural atmosphere and way of life we associated it with.

 

Works by new artists like Wesselmann, Lichtenstein, Andy Warhol, and others had magically attracted people to Pop art, not only for the pure art but the notion of Pop. Pop came to stand for rock music, poster art and the flower child cult and of course the drug scene. A new lifestyle was emerging for the younger generation, one with rebellious attitudes, especially against authority. Pop culture sought liberation from the norms of the existing society. To a vast extent pop became united with the public and political activities, and with the many types of art being produced, it almost seemed, anything goes if you dare. This new art was by far radical and progressive.

 

Art was transformed by the mass media; mass media industries changed the culture. Art and behavioral norms of society were also changing the consciousness of the people. ?Media dependency brings forth externally controlled human beings who can

 

Be shifted around like chessmen on the great chessboard of society.?

 

The task of demystification of the artistic process like that of depersonalization of technique was a focus of Pop artists in the 60 as part of a more determined purge of the romantic cult of the individual.

 

Pop art reacted to the phenomenon of depersonalization in mass society with styles that were equally impersonal, with pictures that had an equally objectivising effect. the media had changed the relationship between individual subjectivity and mass consciousness, and Pop Art therefore also wished to redefine the role of individuality in art?   new understanding of objects and art had evolved, characterized by excess, social/cultural and economic affluence?

 

The myths of everyday life which surface in consumer culture, in the mass media and in the euphoria surrounding technology are ambivalent: they express the general syndrome of decay; a belief in progress, but also a fear of disaster? Do they stand for both dreams and traumas, luxury and poverty? 5 American culture had begun to recognize the impact of its own destruction. The complete accessibility of consumer goods has turned America into the waste-disposal problem of a throwaway society in which the desires and fates of individuals disappear in the mass.

 

Pop artists were using found objects and ready-made images associated with mass media and production, exploiting them, manipulating them, using the replication of manufactured objects complete with boldly designed labels.  The American population means disposability, not durability; replacement, not maintenance and many artists used this within their themes of art. repeatable words, picture, and music have resulted in an expandable multitude of signs and symbols?

 

Television became a very powerful tool of the mass media, it was pumping out images of desire and illusion. The colors of television were ultra-vivid and wholly abstract, the uses of electron color, the electronics, the brightness, the flicker of the screen, the dots and lines, and jibber jabber of images as you flick from station to station all had an impact on the viewer. he television has done more to alter the direct, discursive relationship of images to the real world, on which painting used to depend than any other invention in our century?

The television images were real in fact, but also had a sense of artificiality; images repeatedly shoved into the viewers faces; chaotic and overwhelming images of street signs, the Kennedy, crowds, food, animals, entertainers, Hollywood, the pressures to buy or sell products, the mind jamming bombardment of images, images, images. The viewer had nowhere to escape except from channel to channel. The viewer skimming all the images and only remembering the images that possessed some similarity to a sign: simple, clear and repetitious.

 

Fame and the celebrity were playing an important part in art, fame stood for the social accomplishments of celebrities, and celebrities were famous for being famous. Andy Warhol began to create a series based on movie stars and other famous people. He included celebrities that he admired and included commissions from the rich and famous. In the latter part of his career, he focused on portraiture with one of his most favorite subjects being himself. Warhol always denied that he was creating a social commentary in his art, it is safe to assume that the artist was making a conceptual equivalence between a celebrity such as Marilyn Munroe and commercial products such as a can of soup or a bottle of Coca-Cola: all of them might be properly described as corporate creations, disposable commodities intended for mass consumption?

 

In Warhols silk-screens of Marilyn, the techniques he used was the layering of different screens for each part of her face, applying intense shades of primary colors, exaggerating her expression of feminine beauty. He was using this technique to represent ridicule and irony in a simplified way. Warhol always made a point of disclaiming his work, he liked to hide behind his many faces of art, not allowing the media to see into his mind, or see or tell what he was really about, he liked to be illusional, act dumb, was he really.

 

The use of bold graphic designs and compositions borrowed from famous artworks in history, comic strip images, film imagery, loud words, and language were all techniques being used by pop artists.

 

Cindy Sherman emerged in the 70 influenced by Pop Art; she used film stills, black and white photographs of herself, mimicking the female exaggerated melodrama and sentimentality of the film noir Hollywood movies of the 50 and 60. In her later works, she was using colorful photographs with lurid, grotesque imagery.

 

David Hockney’s work gravitated more towards photography and scenic design, he was also commissioned to create bold and colorful sets for opera productions, and this is where the influence of Pop art came into his work. Roy Liechtenstein, his large canvas paintings were selling for enormous prices; he also was commissioned to paint many things. Other artists were also commissioned to do paintings, and sculptures in public and professional places.

 

Many of the young artists of the 1970 and 1980 were modeling their careers closely on those of Pop Art, the disrespectful attitudes of Pop Art were continuing to be a very powerful force in the contemporary art scene. the imagery of Pop Art, which had originally seemed revolutionary precisely because it was commonplace, ironically, became commonplace itself?  Pop Art had become a huge success with unusually large sums of money being paid for artworks by collectors and museum curators.

 

In 1980 a new style of art had emerged, Graffiti Art, this style was derived directly from the dynamic graphic style of the Pop artists, especially the comic- strip painters. Young rebellious artists would walk the streets illegally painting trains, subways and any wall or surface that looked like a good target. They enjoyed the wild and exciting life of the outlaw/artist. They used short-lived materials like chalk or industrial products like canned spray paint and thick ink markers, with this they were able to create their own kind of popular street art.

 

their artists were also using graffiti art, and incorporating images taken directly from mass culture in a dreamlike style that was heavily influenced by the underground comics and psychedelic posters from the hippie culture of 1960?

 

Andy Warhol became one of the most famous Pop artists of the 20th century, He was quoted as saying this want to be a machine? to print, to repeat, and repetitiously to bring forth novelties. He used commercial manipulation in his silk-screens.  He had a grungy view of reality, the smudged graininess of newsprint, the reject layout, the uneven inking, the coarseness and short-lived look of his images wanted to be glanced at like a TV screen, not scanned like a painting.

 

Keith Haring was influenced by Pop culture and the mass media, he started out as a street graffiti artist, drawing cartoon figures on city walls and using large bold text to mimic American newspaper headlines, from this he moved on to painting canvas using extremely vibrant and fluorescent colors. Keith Haring was a friend and collaborator of Andy Warhol; he was stated as saying this has ever done would not have been possible without Andy. Had Andy not broken the concept of what art is supposed to be, I just wouldn¡¯t have been able to exist?

 

Warhol was like a liberator, he brought forward new creativity, he opened up a new sphere of art, and he used techniques and ideas that were markedly experimental, different printmaking techniques, experiments with Polaroids.  He was changing the face of the art world with his new ideas, and many artists at the same time and after his death took conceptual ideas from his work and brought them forward into contemporary art.

Conclusion

Jeff Koons was an outrageous artist who embraced and welcomed the influence of Pop Art. His images although lacking originality, by using the forms of Pop Art he was able to make statements that reflected his own concerns. Koons sees American culture as a source of liberation. In Koons more recent work he uses cheap, ugly objects and tastelessly elevated them to high art, whereas the Pop artists in the 60 took high art into low art.

 

Pop Art as a whole represented an opening out of possibilities and a rebellion against a rigid set of artistic conventions, that its true force as a movement was almost certain to happen, and the main reason for its continued influence on subsequent generations of artists has resided.

 


Get Professional Assignment Help Cheaply

Buy Custom Essay

Are you busy and do not have time to handle your assignment? Are you scared that your paper will not make the grade? Do you have responsibilities that may hinder you from turning in your assignment on time? Are you tired and can barely handle your assignment? Are your grades inconsistent?

Whichever your reason is, it is valid! You can get professional academic help from our service at affordable rates. We have a team of professional academic writers who can handle all your assignments.

Why Choose Our Academic Writing Service?

  • Plagiarism free papers
  • Timely delivery
  • Any deadline
  • Skilled, Experienced Native English Writers
  • Subject-relevant academic writer
  • Adherence to paper instructions
  • Ability to tackle bulk assignments
  • Reasonable prices
  • 24/7 Customer Support
  • Get superb grades consistently
 

Online Academic Help With Different Subjects

Literature

Students barely have time to read. We got you! Have your literature essay or book review written without having the hassle of reading the book. You can get your literature paper custom-written for you by our literature specialists.

Finance

Do you struggle with finance? No need to torture yourself if finance is not your cup of tea. You can order your finance paper from our academic writing service and get 100% original work from competent finance experts.

Computer science

Computer science is a tough subject. Fortunately, our computer science experts are up to the match. No need to stress and have sleepless nights. Our academic writers will tackle all your computer science assignments and deliver them on time. Let us handle all your python, java, ruby, JavaScript, php , C+ assignments!

Psychology

While psychology may be an interesting subject, you may lack sufficient time to handle your assignments. Don’t despair; by using our academic writing service, you can be assured of perfect grades. Moreover, your grades will be consistent.

Engineering

Engineering is quite a demanding subject. Students face a lot of pressure and barely have enough time to do what they love to do. Our academic writing service got you covered! Our engineering specialists follow the paper instructions and ensure timely delivery of the paper.

Nursing

In the nursing course, you may have difficulties with literature reviews, annotated bibliographies, critical essays, and other assignments. Our nursing assignment writers will offer you professional nursing paper help at low prices.

Sociology

Truth be told, sociology papers can be quite exhausting. Our academic writing service relieves you of fatigue, pressure, and stress. You can relax and have peace of mind as our academic writers handle your sociology assignment.

Business

We take pride in having some of the best business writers in the industry. Our business writers have a lot of experience in the field. They are reliable, and you can be assured of a high-grade paper. They are able to handle business papers of any subject, length, deadline, and difficulty!

Statistics

We boast of having some of the most experienced statistics experts in the industry. Our statistics experts have diverse skills, expertise, and knowledge to handle any kind of assignment. They have access to all kinds of software to get your assignment done.

Law

Writing a law essay may prove to be an insurmountable obstacle, especially when you need to know the peculiarities of the legislative framework. Take advantage of our top-notch law specialists and get superb grades and 100% satisfaction.

What discipline/subjects do you deal in?

We have highlighted some of the most popular subjects we handle above. Those are just a tip of the iceberg. We deal in all academic disciplines since our writers are as diverse. They have been drawn from across all disciplines, and orders are assigned to those writers believed to be the best in the field. In a nutshell, there is no task we cannot handle; all you need to do is place your order with us. As long as your instructions are clear, just trust we shall deliver irrespective of the discipline.

Are your writers competent enough to handle my paper?

Our essay writers are graduates with bachelor's, masters, Ph.D., and doctorate degrees in various subjects. The minimum requirement to be an essay writer with our essay writing service is to have a college degree. All our academic writers have a minimum of two years of academic writing. We have a stringent recruitment process to ensure that we get only the most competent essay writers in the industry. We also ensure that the writers are handsomely compensated for their value. The majority of our writers are native English speakers. As such, the fluency of language and grammar is impeccable.

What if I don’t like the paper?

There is a very low likelihood that you won’t like the paper.

Reasons being:

  • When assigning your order, we match the paper’s discipline with the writer’s field/specialization. Since all our writers are graduates, we match the paper’s subject with the field the writer studied. For instance, if it’s a nursing paper, only a nursing graduate and writer will handle it. Furthermore, all our writers have academic writing experience and top-notch research skills.
  • We have a quality assurance that reviews the paper before it gets to you. As such, we ensure that you get a paper that meets the required standard and will most definitely make the grade.

In the event that you don’t like your paper:

  • The writer will revise the paper up to your pleasing. You have unlimited revisions. You simply need to highlight what specifically you don’t like about the paper, and the writer will make the amendments. The paper will be revised until you are satisfied. Revisions are free of charge
  • We will have a different writer write the paper from scratch.
  • Last resort, if the above does not work, we will refund your money.

Will the professor find out I didn’t write the paper myself?

Not at all. All papers are written from scratch. There is no way your tutor or instructor will realize that you did not write the paper yourself. In fact, we recommend using our assignment help services for consistent results.

What if the paper is plagiarized?

We check all papers for plagiarism before we submit them. We use powerful plagiarism checking software such as SafeAssign, LopesWrite, and Turnitin. We also upload the plagiarism report so that you can review it. We understand that plagiarism is academic suicide. We would not take the risk of submitting plagiarized work and jeopardize your academic journey. Furthermore, we do not sell or use prewritten papers, and each paper is written from scratch.

When will I get my paper?

You determine when you get the paper by setting the deadline when placing the order. All papers are delivered within the deadline. We are well aware that we operate in a time-sensitive industry. As such, we have laid out strategies to ensure that the client receives the paper on time and they never miss the deadline. We understand that papers that are submitted late have some points deducted. We do not want you to miss any points due to late submission. We work on beating deadlines by huge margins in order to ensure that you have ample time to review the paper before you submit it.

Will anyone find out that I used your services?

We have a privacy and confidentiality policy that guides our work. We NEVER share any customer information with third parties. Noone will ever know that you used our assignment help services. It’s only between you and us. We are bound by our policies to protect the customer’s identity and information. All your information, such as your names, phone number, email, order information, and so on, are protected. We have robust security systems that ensure that your data is protected. Hacking our systems is close to impossible, and it has never happened.

How our Assignment  Help Service Works

1.      Place an order

You fill all the paper instructions in the order form. Make sure you include all the helpful materials so that our academic writers can deliver the perfect paper. It will also help to eliminate unnecessary revisions.

2.      Pay for the order

Proceed to pay for the paper so that it can be assigned to one of our expert academic writers. The paper subject is matched with the writer’s area of specialization.

3.      Track the progress

You communicate with the writer and know about the progress of the paper. The client can ask the writer for drafts of the paper. The client can upload extra material and include additional instructions from the lecturer. Receive a paper.

4.      Download the paper

The paper is sent to your email and uploaded to your personal account. You also get a plagiarism report attached to your paper.

smile and order essaysmile and order essay PLACE THIS ORDER OR A SIMILAR ORDER WITH US TODAY AND GET A PERFECT SCORE!!!

order custom essay paper